GEO4151 – Earthquake and Volcanic Processes

Schedule, syllabus and examination date

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Course content

This course will focus on the physics of Earthquake and Volcanic processes, which are both important endogenic processes accommodating the deformation of the Earth’s crust. Building on geomechanics concepts, we will introduce key controls on Earthquakes including the strength of faults, stress transfer, triggering and anthropogenic seismicity. We will investigate magma transport through dykes, sills and other magma intrusions, fracture mechanics associated with dyke and sill propagation, volcano deformation induced by the emplacement of magma, and the stability of a volcanic edifice before it collapses. The course will integrate laboratory, numerical and theoretical approaches.

Learning outcome

After this course, students will have knowledge in:

  • Magma transfer and emplacement in Earth’s crust
  • Volcano deformation and volcano-tectonics
  • Earthquake and fault mechanics
  • Stress transfer and triggering
  • Interdisciplinary scientific communication and collaboration
  • Research based project work


Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures.

GEO4151 and GEO9151 admits a maximum of 10 students in total. If the number of applicants exceeds the course capacity, applicants will be ranked in the following order:

1A. Students in the programme option Geohazards in the Geosciences master’s programme

1B. PhD candidates at the Geosciences Department

2A. Students in other programme options in the Geosciences master’s programme

2B. Other PhD students and visiting PhD students

3. Master’s level exchange students and other master’s level students at the MN Faculty

4. New single course students on master’s level

Admission will be decided by drawing lots for applicants who are ranked equally.

Overlapping courses

10 credits overlap with GEO9151 – Earthquake and Volcanic Processes


The course includes lectures, seminars and mandatory hours in experimental and numerical laboratories. In addition there will be oral presentations by students.

Attendance at the first lecture is compulsory. Students who fail to meet, are considered to have withdrawn from the course unless they have previously given notice to the Studies administration, E-mail address:

To attend the field trip/excursion it is required that the following course is passed:

To attend the mandatory lab work it is required that the following course is passed:

General information about excursions at the Department of Geosciences.

As the teaching involves laboratory and/or field work, you should consider taking out a separate travel and personal risk insurance. Read about your insurance cover as a student.


All mandatory activity must be approved before the student can take the final exam.

Final exam consists of a written scientific report (50%) and an oral presentation (50%). Both parts must be passed in order to pass the course.

Language of examination

The examination text is given in English, and you submit your response in English.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Explanations and appeals

Resit an examination

Students who can document a valid reason for absence from the regular examination are offered a postponed examination at the beginning of the next semester.

Re-scheduled examinations are not offered to students who withdraw during, or did not pass the original examination.

Special examination arrangements

Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.


The course is subject to continuous evaluation. At regular intervals we also ask students to participate in a more comprehensive evaluation.

Facts about this course






Every spring


Every spring

Teaching language