BIO4331 – Human Impact on the Marine Environment

Schedule, syllabus and examination date

Course content

The course provides an introduction into how current marine environmental problems including eutrophication, toxic algal blooms, climate change and acidification and introduction of waste, contaminants, oil pollution, nano particles and species influence the marine environment. Topics included are impact on individuals, populations, communities and food webs. Other topics include aims and strategies for environmental monitoring and efficient environmental management and how to consider environmental risk and perform impact assessment.

Learning outcome

After completing the course you will have the following competence:

  • Understand current important marine environmental problems.
  • Have insight into method challenges, and be able to critical evaluate reports, publications and environmental data.
  • Have insight into national and international environmental legislation and important international treaties.
  • Have basic understanding of effects studies, environmental monitoring, and evaluation of risk and environmental state from a scientific, regulatory and industrial perspective.

Admission to the course

Students admitted at UiO must apply for courses in Studentweb. Students enrolled in other Master's Degree Programmes can, on application, be admitted to the course if this is cleared by their own study programme.

Nordic citizens and applicants residing in the Nordic countries may apply to take this course as a single course student.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures for international applicants.

The courses BIO4331 and BIO9331 have joint admission. Applicants are ranked by the following criteria:

1. PhD candidates and master students at the MN faculty who have the course as part of the approved curriculum.

2. Other PhD candidates and visiting PhD candidates.

3. Students with admission to single courses on master’s level and exchange students

Applicants are ranked by credits in each group; all applicants within 1st rank before applicants in 2nd etc. If admission is limited to a fixed number of participants, admission will be decided by drawing lots for students who are ranked equally.

Basic knowledge in general chemistry and biology, BIO4400 – Pelagic Ecology (continued) and BIO4301 – Marine bentic ecology (continued).

Overlapping courses


  • Lectures
  • Group work
  • Discussion groups 
  • Student presentations

All groupwork is mandatory. The groupwork will consist of demonstrations, excursions and discussions. In addition there will be individual presentations.Mandatory course work must be approved before the student can attend the exam.

Attendance is mandatory for the first lecture. This also applies for those on the waiting list. You will lose your seat on the course if notice is not given to the student administration prior to the first lecture.

Approved mandatory course work is valid for 5 years.

A student who has completed compulsory instruction and coursework and has had these approved, is not entitled to repeat that instruction and coursework. A student who has been admitted to a course, but who has not completed compulsory instruction and coursework or had these approved, is entitled to repeat that instruction and coursework, depending on available capacity.


Final written exam in Inspera (3 hrs), counts 100 %.

Mandatory course work must be approved before the student can attend the exam. 

The written examination is conducted in the digital examination system Inspera. You will need to familiarize yourself with the digital examination arrangements in Inspera.

Read more about written examinations using Inspera.

Exam attempts

It will also be counted as one of the three attempts to sit the exam for this course, if you sit the exam for the following course: BIO4330 - Effects of Pollution on the Aquatic Environment (discontinued) and BIO9331 - Human Impact on the Marine Environment.

Examination support material

No examination support material is allowed.

Language of examination

The examination text is given in English.You may submit your response in Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Resit an examination

This course offers both postponed and resit of examination. Read more:

Special examination arrangements, use of sources, explanations and appeals

See more about examinations at UiO

Last updated from FS (Common Student System) Nov. 27, 2022 10:29:32 AM

Facts about this course


The course is last held autumn 2020


Examination is last held autumn 2020

Teaching language
Norwegian (English on request)