BIO9331 – Human Impact on the Marine Environment

Schedule, syllabus and examination date

Choose semester

Changes in the course due to coronavirus

Autumn 2020 the exams of most courses at the MN Faculty will be conducted as digital home exams or oral exams, using the normal grading scale. The semester page for your course will be updated with any changes in the form of examination.

See general guidelines for examination at the MN Faculty autumn 2020.

Course content

The course provides an overview of how current marine environmental problems including eutrophication, toxic algal blooms, climate change and acidification and introduction of waste, contaminants, oil pollution, nano particles and species influence the marine environment. Topics included are impact on individuals, populations, communities and food webs. Other topics include aims and strategies for environmental monitoring and efficient environmental management and how to consider environmental risk and perform impact assessment.

Learning outcome

After completing the course you will have the following competence:

  • Understand current important marine environmental problems.
  • Have insight into method challenges, and be able to critical evaluate reports, publications and environmental data.
  • Have insight into national and international environmental legislation and important international treaties.
  • Have basic understanding of effects studies, environmental monitoring, and evaluation of risk and environmental state from a scientific, regulatory and industrial perspective.

Admission to the course

PhD candidates from the University of Oslo should apply for classes and register for examinations through Studentweb.

If a course has limited intake capacity, priority will be given to PhD candidates who follow an individual education plan where this particular course is included. Some national researchers’ schools may have specific rules for ranking applicants for courses with limited intake capacity.

PhD candidates who have been admitted to another higher education institution must apply for a position as a visiting student within a given deadline.

The courses BIO4331 and BIO9331 have joint admission. Applicants are ranked by the following criteria:

1. PhD candidates and master students at the MN faculty who have the course as part of the approved curriculum.

2. Other PhD candidates and visiting PhD candidates.

3. Students with admission to single courses on master’s level and exchange students

Applicants are ranked by credits in each group; all applicants within 1st rank before applicants in 2nd etc. If admission is limited to a fixed number of participants, admission will be decided by drawing lots for students who are ranked equally

Basic knowledge in general chemistry and biology, BIO4400 – Pelagic Ecology and BIO4301 – Marine bentic ecology.

Overlapping courses


  • Lectures
  • Group work
  • Discussion groups 
  • Student presentations

All groupwork is mandatory. The group work will consist of demonstrations, excursions, and discussions. In addition, there will be individual presentations. Mandatory course work must be approved before you can attend the exam. You must also write two 10 page essays on given topics and give two 45- minute lectures based on these, which count on the final grade.

Attendance is mandatory for the first lecture. This also applies to those on the waiting list. You will lose your seat on the course if notice is not given to the student administration before the first lecture.

Approved mandatory course work is valid for 5 years.

A student who has completed compulsory instruction and coursework and has had these approved is not entitled to repeat that instruction and coursework. A student who has been admitted to a course, but who has not completed compulsory instruction and coursework or had these approved, is entitled to repeat that instruction and coursework, depending on available capacity.


  • Final written exam in Inspera (3 hrs), counts 70% of the final mark.
  • Essays and lectures weigh 15% each (30% of the final mark).

Mandatory course work must be approved before the student can attend the exam.

The written examination is conducted in the digital examination system Inspera. You will need to familiarize yourself with the digital examination arrangements in Inspera.

Exam attempts

It will also be counted as one of the three attempts to sit the exam for this course, if you sit the exam for one of the following courses: BIO4330 - Effects of Pollution on the Aquatic Environment (discontinued) and BIO4331 - Human Impact on the Marine Environment

Examination support material

No examination support material is allowed.

Language of examination

The examination text is given in English.You may submit your response in Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a pass/fail scale. Read more about the grading system.

Resit an examination

This course offers both postponed and resit of examination. Read more:

Special examination arrangements, use of sources, explanations and appeals

See more about examinations at UiO

Last updated from FS (Common Student System) Oct. 25, 2020 9:13:18 PM

Facts about this course

Teaching language
Norwegian (English on request)