Schedule, syllabus and examination date

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Course content

The lectures will deal with the basics of the earth system with an emphasis on interactions between its components (atmosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, biosphere). Observed changes in the state of the earth system will be presented. Current Earth System Models will be introduced and their capabilities and limitations will be discussed. Projected future climate change based on multi-model simulations will be highlighted.

Learning outcome

After completing this course, you will

  • have gained insight into ongoing and projected changes in the Earth’s climate and associated uncertainties
  • be familiar with the methods used in climate science
  • be familiar with the concept of the Earth System and key processes governing interactions between its main components

Admission to the course

Students admitted at UiO must apply for courses in Studentweb. Students enrolled in other Master's Degree Programmes can, on application, be admitted to the course if this is cleared by their own study programme.

Nordic citizens and applicants residing in the Nordic countries may apply to take this course as a single course student.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures for international applicants.

The courses GEO4990 and GEO9990 have a joint admission with a joint capacity of 15 students. If there are more then 15 applicants, the applicants will be ranked after the following categories:

  1. PhD candidates at the Department of Geosciences and master's students in Geosciences, programme option Meteorology and Oceanography (programme option) (being phased out)
  2. Other PhD candidates and visiting PhD candidates, and master's students in Geosciences, other programme options
  3. Master’s level exchange students and other master’s level students at the MN Faculty
  4. New single course students on master’s level

Applicants will be ranked by the number of ECTS credits within each category: all applicants within category 1 are ranked before applicants in category 2. If there are space limitations in the course, available places will be given to students selected randomly among those with the same amount of ECTS credits.

Formal prerequisite knowledge

The course includes a compulsory field course and excursions. A health and safety course for safety in the field must be passed before you can go on these:

Overlapping courses


The course is taught weekly. The teaching consists of interactive lectures with active participation by the students and a mandatory field excursion. An oral presentation of topics in the subject field will count towards the final grade.

A field report must be handed in after the excursion and approved before the final examination.

Attendance at the first lecture is compulsory. Students who fail to meet are considered to have withdrawn from the course unless they have previously given notice to the Student administration (

We reserve the right to change the teaching form and examination of the course in semesters where 5 or fewer students have been admitted.

General information about excursions at the Department of Geosciences

As the teaching involves laboratory and/or fieldwork, you should consider taking out a separate travel and personal risk insurance. Read about your insurance cover as a student.

Cost of taking the course

Participation in the excursion is mandatory. The excursion has a fee of NOK 150 per day.


  • All mandatory activities must be completed and the field report must be approved before you can sit the final exam.
  • An oral student presentation counts 50% towards the final grade.
  • The final oral examination counts 50% towards the final grade.
  • Both the oral student presentation and the final examination must be passed separately in order to pass the course.

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

It will also be counted as 1 of the 3 attempts to sit the exam for this course if you sit the exam for one of the following courses:

Examination support material

No examination support material is allowed.

Language of examination

The examination text is given in English, and you submit your response in English.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Resit an examination

Students who can document a valid reason for absence from the regular examination are offered a postponed examination at the beginning of the next semester.

Re-scheduled examinations are not offered to students who withdraw during, or did not pass, the original examination.

Special examination arrangements, use of sources, explanations and appeals

See more about examinations at UiO

Last updated from FS (Common Student System) Oct. 7, 2022 1:16:16 AM

Facts about this course

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