Schedule, syllabus and examination date

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Changes in the course due to coronavirus

Autumn 2020 the exams of most courses at the MN Faculty will be conducted as digital home exams or oral exams, using the normal grading scale. The semester page for your course will be updated with any changes in the form of examination.

See general guidelines for examination at the MN Faculty autumn 2020.

Course content

The subject gives an introduction to hydrology, which is the study of water - its occurence and circulation on land. You will aquire fundamental knowledge on the most important components of the hydrological cycle such as precipitation (snow and rain), evaporation, soil- and groundwater, runoff in streams and rivers. The water balance is studied both globally and with special reference to Norway, but the main focus is on drainage basins and an understanding of the processes that determine the flow of water from the moment it touches the ground until it runs out into the sea. Emphasis is on understanding physical processes, including the transport of water and energy in the Earth system. You will get experience in observation techniques and analysis of hydrological data. Floods and droughts are described separately.

Learning outcome

After taking this subject you will have knowledge about:

  • basic observational practice for measuring the various parts of the hydrological cycle (e.g. precipitation, discharge, evaporation, snow processes).
  • the relation between physical laws that govern geophysical systems (conservation of mass and energy) and hydrological processes.
  • how water transports energy through the Earth system.
  • modelling tools used to quantify the flow of water and energy in a catchment, at regional and global scales.
  • the geophysical system that influences variables that drive hydrological variation, and statistical tools for describing this variation.
  • skills in scripting and programming for numerical analysis of hydrological processes.

Admission to the course

Students at UiO register for courses and exams in Studentweb.

Special admission requirements

In addition to fulfilling the Higher Education Entrance Qualification, applicants have to meet the following special admission requirements:

  • Mathematics R1 (or Mathematics S1 and S2) + R2

And in addition one of these:

  • Physics (1+2)
  • Chemistry (1+2)
  • Biology (1+2)
  • Information technology (1+2)
  • Geosciences (1+2)
  • Technology and theories of research (1+2)

The special admission requirements may also be covered by equivalent studies from Norwegian upper secondary school or by other equivalent studies (in Norwegian).

Formal prerequisite knowledge

The course includes a compulsory field course and excursions. A health and safety course for safety in the field must be passed before you can go on these.

Overlapping courses


There are 2 x 2-hour lectures and 2 hours of exercises/seminars/data lab per week throughout the semester. Active participation of the student is expected. 6-8 compulsory assignments will be set, and these must be approved before the final examination.

There is a compulsory one-day excursion for collecting snow samples, a 1-4 day field course, and 1-2 mandatory visits to a relevant institute (e.g. NVE, Statkraft, MET). A field report must be written based on the collected snow data from the snow excursion, and it counts towards the final grade. The field activities are shared with the course GEO2210 – Geomorphology.

As the teaching involves laboratory and/or field work, you should consider taking out a separate travel and personal risk insurance. Read about your insurance cover as a student.

General information about excursions at the Department of Geosciences.

Attendance at the first lecture is compulsory. Students who fail to meet, are considered to have withdrawn from the course unless they have previously given notice to the Student administration (


  • 6-8 compulsory assignments must be approved in order to sit the final examination
  • The written field report counts for 30%.
  • Final written examination (3 hours) counts for 70%.
  • Both the field report and the final written examination must be passed individually in order to pass the course.

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

It will also be counted as one of the three attempts to sit the exam for this course if you sit the exam for one of the following courses:

Examination support material

Allowed calculators (in Norwegian), Matematisk formelsamling (Rottmann), Fysiske størrelser.

Language of examination

You may write your examination paper in Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Resit an examination

Students who can document a valid reason for absence from the regular examination are offered a postponed examination at the beginning of the next semester.

Re-scheduled examinations are not offered to students who withdraw during, or did not pass the original examination.

Special examination arrangements, use of sources, explanations and appeals

See more about examinations at UiO

Last updated from FS (Common Student System) Nov. 24, 2020 7:12:59 PM

Facts about this course

Teaching language
Norwegian (English on request)