Schedule, syllabus and examination date

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Course content

This course deals with the processes that shape Earth’s surface. These processes are associated with water flow (fluvial processes), glaciers (glacial processes), frozen ground (periglacial processes) and slopes (gravitational processes). Emphasis is placed on how these processes modify the land surface in alpine and polar regions.

Learning outcome

After taking this course you will:

  • know the physical processes that form the landscape, especially in cold regions
  • understand a glacier’s mass balance, dynamics and hydrology
  • have an understanding of how material is transported both by fluvial and gravitational processes
  • know about the significance of temperature variations in the ground
  • be able to calulate the mass balance and deformation rate of a glacier
  • be able to calculate heat transport in the ground
  • be able to use water discharge curves to calculate sediment transport and erosion in a landscape


Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures.


Formal prerequisite knowledge

In addition to fulfilling the Higher Education Entrance Qualification, applicants have to meet the following special admission requirements:

  • Mathematics R1 (or Mathematics S1 and S2) + R2

And in addition one of these:

  • Physics (1+2)
  • Chemistry (1+2)
  • Biology (1+2)
  • Information technology (1+2)
  • Geosciences (1+2)
  • Technology and theories of research (1+2)

The special admission requirements may also be covered by equivalent studies from Norwegian upper secondary school or by other equivalent studies (in Norwegian).

The course includes a compulsory field course and excursions. A health and safety course for safety in the field must be passed before you can go on these.

Recommended previous knowledge

Overlapping courses


Lectures and exercises according to 6 hours per week.

It is a compulsory field course of 3-4 days, and two compulsory 1-day excursions, one in March collecting snow data and one in May. The field activities are together with the course GEO2330 – Hydrology. A field report must be written from the field course, and this counts towards the final grade.

Attendance at the first lecture is compulsory. Students who fail to meet, are considered to have withdrawn from the course unless they have previously given notice to the Studies administration, email address:

General information about excursions at the Dept. of Geosciences.

As the teaching involves laboratory and/or field work, you should consider taking out a separate travel and personal risk insurance. Read about your insurance cover as a student.


  • Report from field course counts for 30%.
  • Final written examination (3 hours) counts for 70%.

Language of examination

You may write your examination paper in Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Explanations and appeals

Resit an examination

Students who can document a valid reason for absence from the regular examination are offered a postponed examination at the beginning of the next semester.

Re-scheduled examinations are not offered to students who withdraw during, or did not pass the original examination.

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

It will also be counted as one of the three attempts to sit the exam for this course, if you sit the exam for one of the following courses: GEG2110 – Geomorphological processes (continued).

Special examination arrangements

Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.


The course is subject to continuous evaluation. At regular intervals we also ask students to participate in a more comprehensive evaluation.

Facts about this course






Every spring


Every spring

Teaching language

Norwegian (English on request)