MAT4770 – Stochastic modelling in energy and commodity markets

Schedule, syllabus and examination date

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Course content

The course gives an introduction to dynamic stochastic models for prices in commodity and energy markets. Classical factor models based on Ornstein-Uhlenbeck processes are analyzed, and extended to so-called continuous-time autoregressive processes with a moving average. The stochastic processes are driven by Brownian motion and simple jump processes to model sudden price changes (spikes), which are characteristic for some energy markets (for example, power). In the course we also look at dynamic modelling of temperature, wind and sun, and analyze these in the context of energy markets, but also the independent markets for weather products. Particular case here is the seasonal variations. Further pricing techniques for forward contracts on commodity and energy are developed, in addition to relevant derivatives as “spread” and quanto options. The theory on pricing measures and risk premium is presented, and the term structure of volatility analyzed (the so-called Samuelson effect).

The topic will focus on making the models and analysis operational in practical applications. Techniques for estimation and calibration are presented, in addition to methods for numerical simulation.

Learning outcome

After completing the course you will:

  • know and understand the classical stochastic models for commodity and energy markets;
  • know how to establish forward prices based on factor models in the spot market;
  • know how to estimate and simulate the models, and apply these in different markets, like the market for weather derivatives;
  • understand important notions as pricing measure, market price of risk and the risk premium;
  • know how to analyze and price important derivatives in commodity and energy markets.


Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures.

Overlapping courses

10 credits overlap with MAT9770 – Stochastic modelling in energy and commodity markets


4 hours of lectures/exercises every week throughout the semester.


mandatory assignment.

Final oral or written examination. The form of examination will be announced by the teaching staff by 15 October/15 March for the autumn semester and the spring semester respectively.

Examination support material

No examination support material is allowed.

Language of examination

Subjects taught in English will only offer the exam paper in English.

You may write your examination paper in Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Explanations and appeals

Resit an examination

Students who can document a valid reason for absence from the regular examination are offered a postponed examination at the beginning of the next semester.

Re-scheduled examinations are not offered to students who withdraw during, or did not pass the original examination.

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

Special examination arrangements

Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.


The course is subject to continuous evaluation. At regular intervals we also ask students to participate in a more comprehensive evaluation.

Facts about this course






Every spring


Every spring

Teaching language


The course may be taught in Norwegian if the lecturer and all students at the first lecture agree to it.