GEO4360 – Field Methods in Hydrogeology

Schedule, syllabus and examination date

Choose semester

Teaching and exams spring 2022

In light of the most recent infection control regulations, we will at the start of the spring semester 2022 increase our online teaching, while we at the same time try to maintain in-person teaching where this is possible. We hope to go back to more in-person teaching later on in the semester. You will be informed about any changes in teaching or examinations on the semester page, in Canvas or through your regular channels.

Read more about postponed exams for the autumn semester 2021.

Course content

The course emphasizes exploration and testing methods for the purpose of finding and utilizing groundwater resources, and also gives an introduction to pollution studies and control. Several methods and approaches are involved, such as (but not restricted to)

  • field reconnaissance and water sampling
  • land surveillance to determine geographic coordinates
  • groundwater sampling to delineate waste leachate pathways and contribution
  • piezometers and groundwater limnographs
  • geophysical exploration by seismic refraction, geoelectric and magnetic sounding and profiling, and ground-penetrating radar
  • sounding and test drilling
  • infiltration tests, slug tests and pumping test
  • data analysis and reporting

Learning outcome

The purpose of the course is to give students practical experience in and knowledge of the most common methods used in groundwater exploration and pollution control. What kinds of aquifer characteristics can be obtained in the field? After finishing the class, the student should be able to evaluate which methods are suitable for the study in question and decide what kind of hydrogeological surveys are necessary for

  • groundwater extraction
  • management and protection of groundwater resources
  • studies of contaminant spreading in groundwater

Admission to the course

Students admitted at UiO must apply for courses in Studentweb. Students enrolled in other master's degree programmes can, on application, be admitted to the course if this is cleared by their own study programme.

Nordic citizens and applicants residing in the Nordic countries may apply to take this course as a single course student.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures for international applicants.

Formal prerequisite knowledge

The following course must be taken before the field trip / excursion in GEO4360:

  • basic knowledge in chemistry, physics and/or geosciences


Intensive class and field instruction over two weeks in June. This course is a national field class in hydrogeology with participation from NMBU, UiB, UiO and USN. The students are divided into groups to ensure a mix of students from different backgrounds. There are morning and afternoon sessions in the field and evening sessions with data analysis and report writing.

Attendance at the first lecture is compulsory. Students who fail to meet are considered to have withdrawn from the course unless they have previously given notice to the Student administration (

We reserve the right to change the teaching form and examination of the course in semesters where 5 or fewer students have been admitted.

To attend the field trip/excursion it is required that the following course is passed:

You will need to provide documentation that you have passed HMS0504 when you attend the field trip/excursion.

General information about excursions at the Department of Geosciences

As the teaching involves laboratory and/or fieldwork, you should consider taking out a separate travel and personal risk insurance. Read about your insurance cover as a student.

Cost of taking the course

Participation in the excursion is mandatory. The excursion has a fee of NOK 150 per night.


  • A written group report counts 100% towards the final grade.

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

When writing your exercises, make sure to familiarize yourself with the rules for use of sources and citations. Breach of these rules may lead to suspicion of attempted cheating.

Language of examination

In this course, any written exam questions or assignment questions may be available in English only.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a pass/fail scale. Read more about the grading system.

Resit an examination

Students who can document a valid reason for absence from the regular examination are offered a postponed examination at the beginning of the next semester.

Re-scheduled examinations are not offered to students who withdraw during, or did not pass, the original examination.

Special examination arrangements, use of sources, explanations and appeals

See more about examinations at UiO

Last updated from FS (Common Student System) Jan. 27, 2022 7:13:33 PM

Facts about this course

Teaching language