GEG2250 – Introduction in surveying, photogrammetry and spatial analysis

Schedule, syllabus and examination date

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Course content

The course will convey the theory of map projections and coordinate systems, as well as the theoretical basis for data capture within surveying (GPS etc.) and photogrammetry (aerial photography analysis). Emphasis is put on practical exercises within these topics. The course also provides a specialization in spatial analysis of geographic information, focusing on analysis of geoscientific processes. Emphasis is placed on interpolation, geostatistics and generation / analysis of digital elevation models (DEMs).

Learning outcome


Upon completion of the course

  • the student has insight into methods used to determine geographic data, in both theory (methods and mathematical basis) and practical use.
  • the student has knowledge of the principles of spatial analysis, interpolation and geostatistics
  • the student understands the principles for and can employ a multi-criteria analysis


Upon completion of the course

  • the student can carry out basic surveying tasks using sophisticated GPS equipment
  • the student understands map projections
  • the student can carry out simple data collection using digital photogrammetry based on aerial photography
  • the student can use these data for spatial analysis

General competence:

The course aims to foster students' scientific curiosity about the course subjects along with critical reflection of representation, accuracy and the importance of spatial data and the results derived thereof.


Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures.

A maximum of 16 students can get admission to the course. If there are more than 16 applicants, admission will be given in the following order:

1. Students at the Bachelor programme Geofag: geologi, geofysikk og geografi, programme option Geografi og hydrologi

2. Students at the Bachelor programme Geofag: geologi, geofysikk og geografi, programme option Geologi og geofysikk

3. Students at the Master programme in Geosciences, programme option Physical geography, Hydrology and Geomatics, whose application for including the course in their MSc syllabus is approved*

4. Other bachelor students at the MN faculty

5. New single course students

* Students at the master's programme in Geosciences, programme option Physical geography, Hydrology and Geomatics can apply for including this course in their syllabus, particularly students who will need GIS as a technique in their master's thesis.


Formal prerequisite knowledge

In addition to fulfilling the Higher Education Entrance Qualification, applicants have to meet the following special admission requirements:

  • Mathematics R1 (or Mathematics S1 and S2) + R2

And in addition one of these:

  • Physics (1+2)
  • Chemistry (1+2)
  • Biology (1+2)
  • Information technology (1+2)
  • Geosciences (1+2)
  • Technology and theories of research (1+2)

The special admission requirements may also be covered by equivalent studies from Norwegian upper secondary school or by other equivalent studies (in Norwegian).

The following courses must be taken before the first lecture in GEG2250:

For students taking GEG2250 spring 2015 or later, to have GEG2250 included in your degree you must first pass the following HSE courses:

For further information se website for transitional arrangements between old and new HSE courses.

Recommended previous knowledge

GEO1010 – Physical geography (discontinued), introduction to GIS.


Lectures up to 4 hours per week, and practicals up to 4 hours per week. Mandatory field course (3-4 days) at the end of the semester. Visits from the industry sector and the public sector.

Two mandatory assignments contribute to the final grade. The assignment from the field course is one of these assignments. There will be weekly practicals, and reports from 4 of these will be evaluated as approved/not approved.

Attendance at the first lecture is compulsory. Students who fail to meet, are considered to have withdrawn from the course unless they have previously given notice to the Studies administration, email address:

To attend the course it is required that the following courses must be taken before the first lecture:

You will need to provide documentation that you have passed HMS0504 when you attend the first lecture.

General information about excursions at the Department of Geosciences.

As the teaching involves laboratory and/or field work, you should consider taking out a separate travel and personal risk insurance. Read about your insurance cover as a student.


Up to 4 written reports from the weekly practicals must be approved in order for the student to take the final exam.

2 written assignments counts for ca 40% of the final grade

Written final exam (3 hours) Counts for ca 60% of the final grade. The final grade will be set from an overall assessment of the different exam parts.

Language of examination

Norwegian. Student responses may be submitted in English or a Svandinavian language.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Explanations and appeals

Resit an examination

Students who can document a valid reason for absence from the regular examination are offered a postponed examination at the beginning of the next semester.

Re-scheduled examinations are not offered to students who withdraw during, or did not pass the original examination.

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

It will also be counted as one of the three attempts to sit the exam for this course, if you sit the exam for one of the following courses: GEO3460 – Surveying, Photogrammetry and Spatial Analysis, GEO4460 – Surveying, Photogrammetry and Spatial Analysis

Special examination arrangements

Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.


The course is subject to continuous evaluation. At regular intervals we also ask students to participate in a more comprehensive evaluation.

Facts about this course






Spring 2018

This course continue as GEO3460 spring 2019.


Spring 2018

Teaching language


This course will be taught in Norwegian only from spring 2016.