GEO3460 – Surveying, Photogrammetry and Spatial Analysis

Schedule, syllabus and examination date

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Changes in the course due to coronavirus

Autumn 2020 the exams of most courses at the MN Faculty will be conducted as digital home exams or oral exams, using the normal grading scale. The semester page for your course will be updated with any changes in the form of examination.

See general guidelines for examination at the MN Faculty autumn 2020.

Course content

This course will present map projection theory and co-ordinate systems, together with the theoretical basis for data capture in surveying (GPS etc.) and photogrammetry (aerial photograph analysis). The emphasis is on practical training in the acquisition, processing and presentation of data from surveying and photogrammetry. The course further specialises in spatial analysis of geographical information, with a bias towards the analysis of processes in geoscience. Emphasis is also placed on knowledge within interpolation, geostatistics, and the generation and analysis of digital terrain models (DEMs).

Learning outcome

After taking this course, you will:

  • Have gained an insight into positioning geographical data, both in theory (methods and mathematical basis) and by practical application.
  • Know the principles for interpolation and geostatistics.
  • Understand the principles behind multi-criteria analysis and be able to apply them.
  • Be able to carry out simple surveying tasks with the aid of advanced GPS equipment, and also have an understanding of map projections.
  • Be able to carry out simple data acquisition using digital photogrammetry based on aerial photographs.

Admission to the course

The courses GEO3460 and GEO4460 have a joint admission with a joint capacity of 20 students. If there are more than 20 applicants, they will be ranked as follow:

  1. Master students in Geosciences (master's two years), programme options: • Geohazards and Geomechanics • Geomorphology and Geomatics • Sedimentology, Paleontology and Stratigraphy, in which the course is required or recommended. Bachelor students (not in order of priority) in the following programmes: • Geofag: geologi, geofysikk og geografi (bachelor) (continued)Geofysikk og klima (bachelor)Geologi og geografi (bachelor), in which the course is required.
  2. Other bachelor- and master students in Geosciences.
  3. Exchange students on bachelor or master level and other bachelor and master level students at The Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, UiO.
  4. Single course students at bachelor and master level.

Applicants will be ranked by credits within each group depending on whether they are at bachelor´s or master´s level. Admission will be decided by drawing lots for applicants who are ranked equally.

Special admission requirements

In addition to fulfilling the Higher Education Entrance Qualification, applicants have to meet the following special admission requirements:

  • Mathematics R1 (or Mathematics S1 and S2) + R2

And in addition one of these:

  • Physics (1+2)
  • Chemistry (1+2)
  • Biology (1+2)
  • Information technology (1+2)
  • Geosciences (1+2)
  • Technology and theories of research (1+2)

The special admission requirements may also be covered by equivalent studies from Norwegian upper secondary school or by other equivalent studies (in Norwegian).

Formal prerequisite knowledge

The course includes a compulsory field course and excursions. A health and safety course for safety in the field must be passed before you can go on these.

Overlapping courses


Up to 6 hours of lectures and up to 4 hours of practicals per week. Day visits from businesses/public institutions. There will be weekly exercises, and reports from 4 of these will be awarded a pass/fail. Two compulsory assignments count towards the final grade.

A 3-4 day compulsory field course will be at the end of the semester. Work from this field course is used in one of the compulsory assignments that count towards the final grade.

Attendance at the first lecture is compulsory. Students who fail to meet, are considered to have withdrawn from the course unless they have previously given notice to the Student administration (

General information about excursions at the Dept. of Geosciences.

As the teaching involves laboratory and/or fieldwork, you should consider taking out a separate travel and personal risk insurance. Read about your insurance cover as a student.

We reserve the right to change the teaching form and examination of the course in semesters where 5 or fewer students have been admitted.


  • Up to 4 written assignments have to be approved before you can sit the end of course written examination.
  • Two compulsory written assignments together count for approximately 40%.
  • Final written examination (3 hours) counts for approximately 60%.
  • The final grade is awarded from a total evaluation of all the parts of the examination.

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

It will also be counted as one of the three attempts to sit the exam for this course if you sit the exam for one of the following courses:

Examination support material

Approved calculator.

Language of examination

The examination text is given in Norwegian. If the course is taught in English, the examination text will only be given in English. You may answer in Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Resit an examination

Students who can document a valid reason for absence from the regular examination are offered a postponed examination at the beginning of the next semester.

Re-scheduled examinations are not offered to students who withdraw during, or did not pass the original examination.

Special examination arrangements, use of sources, explanations and appeals

See more about examinations at UiO

Last updated from FS (Common Student System) Oct. 30, 2020 9:13:27 PM

Facts about this course

Teaching language
Norwegian (English on request)