GEO3460 – Surveying, Photogrammetry and Spatial Analysis

Schedule, syllabus and examination date

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Teaching and exams spring 2022

In light of the most recent infection control regulations, we will at the start of the spring semester 2022 increase our online teaching, while we at the same time try to maintain in-person teaching where this is possible. We hope to go back to more in-person teaching later on in the semester. You will be informed about any changes in teaching or examinations on the semester page, in Canvas or through your regular channels.

Read more about postponed exams for the autumn semester 2021.

Course content

This course will present map projection theory and coordinate systems, together with the theoretical basis for data capture in surveying (GPS etc.) and photogrammetry (aerial photograph analysis). The emphasis is on practical training in the acquisition, processing and presentation of data from surveying and photogrammetry. The course further specializes in spatial analysis of geographical information, with a bias towards the analysis of processes in geoscience. Emphasis is also placed on knowledge within interpolation, geostatistics, and the generation and analysis of digital terrain models (DEMs).

Learning outcome

After taking this course, you will

  • have gained an insight into positioning geographical data, both in theory (methods and mathematical basis) and by practical application
  • know the principles for interpolation and geostatistics
  • understand the principles behind the multi-criteria analysis and be able to apply them
  • be able to carry out simple surveying tasks with the aid of advanced GPS equipment, and also have an understanding of map projections
  • be able to carry out simple data acquisition using digital photogrammetry based on aerial photographs

Admission to the course

Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.

The courses GEO3460 – Surveying, Photogrammetry and Spatial Analysis and GEO4460 – Surveying, Photogrammetry and Spatial Analysis have a joint admission with a joint capacity of 20 students. If there are more than 20 applicants, the applicants will be ranked after the following categories:

1. Master students admitted to one of the following programme options (non-prioritized order):

having the course as mandatory or recommended.

Bachelor students admitted to one of the following programmes (non-prioritized order):

where the course is mandatory. 

2. Other bachelor and master students in Geosciences. 

3. Exchange students on bachelor or master level, and other bachelor and master students at the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Oslo.

4. Single-course students on bachelor and master level. 

Applicants will be ranked within each category: all applicants within category 1 are ranked before applicants in category 2. If there are space limitations in the course, available places will be given to students selected randomly.

Special admission requirements

In addition to fulfilling the Higher Education Entrance Qualification, applicants have to meet the following special admission requirements:

  • Mathematics R1 (or Mathematics S1 and S2) + R2

And in addition one of these:

  • Physics (1+2)
  • Chemistry (1+2)
  • Biology (1+2)
  • Information technology (1+2)
  • Geosciences (1+2)
  • Technology and theories of research (1+2)

The special admission requirements may also be covered by equivalent studies from Norwegian upper secondary school or by other equivalent studies (in Norwegian).

Formal prerequisite knowledge

The course includes a compulsory field course and excursions. A health-and-safety course for safety in the field must be passed before you can go on these:

Overlapping courses


Up to 6 hours of lectures and up to 4 hours of practicals per week. Day visits from businesses / public institutions. There will be weekly exercises, and reports from 4 of these must be approved before the final exam. There is a mandatory field course for 3-4 days at the end of the semester. Work from this field course is used in one of two written assignments that count towards the final grade.

Attendance at the first lecture is compulsory. Students who fail to meet are considered to have withdrawn from the course unless they have previously given notice to the Student administration (

We reserve the right to change the teaching form and examination of the course in semesters where 5 or fewer students have been admitted.

General information about excursions at the Department of Geosciences

As the teaching involves laboratory and/or fieldwork, you should consider taking out separate travel and personal risk insurance. Read about your insurance cover as a student.


  • 4 written assignments have to be approved before you can sit the end of course written examination.
  • Two written assignments together count approximately 40% towards the final grade.
  • The final written examination counts approximately 60% towards the final grade.
  • The final grade is awarded from a total evaluation of all the parts of the examination.

When writing your exercises make sure to familiarize yourself with the rules for use of sources and citations. Breach of these rules may lead to suspicion of attempted cheating.

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

It will also be counted as 1 of the 3 attempts to sit the exam for this course if you sit the exam for one of the following courses:

Examination support material

Approved calculator

Language of examination

The examination text is given in Norwegian. If the course is taught in English, the examination text will only be given in English. You may answer in Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Resit an examination

Students who can document a valid reason for absence from the regular examination are offered a postponed examination at the beginning of the next semester.

Re-scheduled examinations are not offered to students who withdraw during, or did not pass, the original examination.

Special examination arrangements, use of sources, explanations and appeals

See more about examinations at UiO

Last updated from FS (Common Student System) Jan. 24, 2022 2:16:08 AM

Facts about this course

Teaching language
Norwegian (English on request)