GEO4460 – Surveying, Photogrammetry and Spatial Analysis

Schedule, syllabus and examination date

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Teaching and exams spring 2022

At the MN Faculty teaching is in-person this spring, but there may still be cases of online or hybrid teaching.

Please see the semester page, Canvas or your regular channel of information for changes in teaching and form of examination.

Course content

The course will convey the theory of map projections and coordinate systems, as well as the theoretical basis for data capture within surveying (GPS etc.) and photogrammetry (aerial photography analysis). Emphasis is put on practical exercises within these topics. The course also provides a specialization in spatial analysis of geographic information, focusing on the analysis of geoscientific processes. Emphasis is placed on interpolation, geostatistics and generation/analysis of digital elevation models (DEMs).

Learning outcome

After taking this course, you will

  • have gained an insight into positioning geographical data, both in theory (methods and mathematical basis) and by practical application
  • know the principles for interpolation and geostatistics
  • understand the principles behind the multi-criteria analysis and be able to apply them
  • be able to carry out simple surveying tasks with the aid of advanced GPS equipment, and also have an understanding of map projections
  • be able to carry out simple data acquisition using digital photogrammetry based on aerial photographs and present the findings in a project report

Admission to the course

Students admitted at UiO must apply for courses in Studentweb. Students enrolled in other master's degree programmes can, on application, be admitted to the course if this is cleared by their own study programme.

Nordic citizens and applicants residing in the Nordic countries may apply to take this course as a single course student.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures for international applicants.

The courses GEO3460 and GEO4460 have a joint admission with a joint capacity of 20 students. If there are more then 20 applicants, the applicants will be ranked after the following categories:

1. Master's students admitted to one of the following programme options (non-prioritized order):

having the course as mandatory or recommended

Bachelor's students admitted to one of the following programmes (non-prioritized order):

where the course is mandatory

2. Other bachelor's and master's students in Geosciences

3. Exchange students on bachelor's or master's level, and other bachelor's and master's students at the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Oslo

4. Single-course students on bachelor's and master's level.

Applicants will be ranked within each category: all applicants within category 1 are ranked before applicants in category 2. If there are space limitations in the course, available places will be given to students selected randomly.

Formal prerequisite knowledge

The course includes a compulsory field course and excursions. A health-and-safety course for safety in the field must be passed before you can go on these:

Overlapping courses


Up to 6 hours of lectures and up to 4 hours of practicals per week. Day visits from businesses / public institutions. There will be weekly exercises, and reports from 4 of these must be approved before the final exam. There is a mandatory field course for 3-4 days at the end of the semester. Work from this field course is used in one of two written assignments that count towards the final grade.

Attendance at the first lecture is compulsory. Students who fail to meet are considered to have withdrawn from the course unless they have previously given notice to the Student administration (

General information about excursions at the Department of Geosciences

As the teaching involves laboratory and/or fieldwork, you should consider taking out separate travel and personal risk insurance. Read about your insurance cover as a student.

We reserve the right to change the teaching form and examination of the course in semesters where 5 or fewer students have been admitted.


  • 4 written assignments have to be approved before you can sit the end of course written examination.
  • Two written assignments together count approximately 40% towards the final grade.
  • The final written examination counts approximately 60% towards the final grade.
  • The final grade is awarded from a total evaluation of all the parts of the examination.

When writing your exercises make sure to familiarize yourself with the rules for use of sources and citations. Breach of these rules may lead to suspicion of attempted cheating.

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

It will also be counted as 1 of the 3 attempts to sit the exam for this course if you sit the exam for one of the following courses:

Examination support material

Approved calculator

Language of examination

The examination text is given in Norwegian. If the course is taught in English, the examination text will only be given in English. You may answer in Norwegian, Swedish, Danish or English.

Grading scale

Grades are awarded on a scale from A to F, where A is the best grade and F is a fail. Read more about the grading system.

Resit an examination

Students who can document a valid reason for absence from the regular examination are offered a postponed examination at the beginning of the next semester.

Re-scheduled examinations are not offered to students who withdraw during, or did not pass, the original examination.

Special examination arrangements, use of sources, explanations and appeals

See more about examinations at UiO

Last updated from FS (Common Student System) May 19, 2022 8:14:59 AM

Facts about this course

Teaching language
Norwegian (English on request)