Schedule, syllabus and examination date

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Course content

Characterization of materials at the micrometer, nanometer and atomic scale using microscopy/diffraction and spectroscopic techniques.

Microscopy/diffraction techniques:
Light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy/diffraction (TEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD) and neutron diffraction.

Spectroscopic techniques:
Electron induced x-ray emission (EDS) in SEM and TEM. Electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) in TEM, and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS).

Learning outcome

After the course, students should be able to:

  • understand and describe the fundamental principles behind the methods of characterization which are included in the curriculum.
  • analyze, interpret and present observations from the different methods.
  • evaluate the uncertainty of observations and results from the different methods.
  • assess which methods of characterization are appropriate for different material problems.


Students who are admitted to study programmes at UiO must each semester register which courses and exams they wish to sign up for in Studentweb.

If you are not already enrolled as a student at UiO, please see our information about admission requirements and procedures.


Formal prerequisite knowledge

In addition to fulfilling the Higher Education Entrance Qualification, applicants have to meet the following special admission requirements:

  • Mathematics R1 (or Mathematics S1 and S2) + R2

And and in addition one of these:

  • Physics (1+2)
  • Chemistry (1+2)
  • Biology (1+2)
  • Information technology (1+2)
  • Geosciences (1+2)
  • Technology and theories of research (1+2)

The special admission requirements may also be covered by equivalent studies from Norwegian upper secondary school or by other equivalent studies (in Norwegian).

The following HSE course must also be taken in the same semester or earlier than MENA3100:

Recommended previous knowledge

Overlapping courses

The information about overlap between courses might not be complete. Please contact the Dept. of Physics if you have further enquiries about overlap.


The course extends over a full semester with 80 hours teaching (32 hours lectures, the rest is colloquia, demonstrations and laboratory.)

As the teaching involves laboratory and/or field work, you should consider taking out a separate travel and personal risk insurance. Read about your insurance cover as a student.


Written midterm exam (3 hours) and a final written exam (4 hours). The midterm and final exam have to be taken in the same semester. The laboratory reports must be approved before the final exam. In the final grade, the midterm and final exam counts 30 and 70 %, respectively.

Explanations and appeals

Resit an examination

Students who can document a valid reason for absence from the regular examination are offered a postponed examination at the beginning of the next semester.

Re-scheduled examinations are not offered to students who withdraw during, or did not pass the original examination.

Withdrawal from an examination

It is possible to take the exam up to 3 times. If you withdraw from the exam after the deadline or during the exam, this will be counted as an examination attempt.

Special examination arrangements

Application form, deadline and requirements for special examination arrangements.


The course is subject to continuous evaluation. At regular intervals we also ask students to participate in a more comprehensive evaluation.

Facts about this course






Every spring


Every spring

Teaching language

Norwegian (English on request)